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Amidah

Rav Dovid gives a daily halacha at the Wall Street Synagogue in Lower Manhattan.
This series covers the Amidah prayer.
8 Kislev 5771 listen A Second Minyan for Latecomers (14:21)
Holding a second minyan in the same shul as the first.
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:17-21
4 Kislev 5771 listen Does the Shaliach Tzibbur interrupt for the sake of latecomers? (13:48)
Also: holding a second minyan in the same shul.
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:14-16
3 Kislev 5771 listen Catching the Tail of a Minyan (15:16)
When you arrive at shul, the minyan is departing. Can you catch a kedusha?
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:13; Beur Halacha d.h. Yashlim Tefilato
Dedicated by Ronald and Marion Stein l'ilui nishmat Meir Tzvi ben Dov Ber on the occasion of his yahrzeit.
2 Kislev 5771 listen Who is Pores al Shema? (16:22)
Also: Barchu of Kriyat HaTorah; finishing the amidah.
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:10-12; Beur Halacha d.h. Yashlim Kol HaTefila
1 Kislev 5771 listen Making Up a Missed Kaddish or Barchu at Maariv (12:53)
Are we "pores al shema" at Maariv?
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:8-10
27 Cheshvan 5771 listen Are we Pores al Shema today? (15:09)
Pores al Shema as explained by the Mishna Brura.
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:5-7
26 Cheshvan 5771 listen Can ten who have already davened form a new minyan? (16:41)
The Mishna Brura, based on the Radbaz, decides against the Ran as accepted by the Shulcham Aruch.
Sources: OC 59:1; MB 59:1
25 Cheshvan 5771 listen Arriving in Shul after Davening (15:00)
Making up for missing kaddish, kedusha, and barchu.
Sources: BY OC 59; OC 59:1; MB 59:2-4
24 Cheshvan 5771 listen Pores al Shema according to the Beis Yosef (16:04)
The Beis Yosef combines the understanding of the various Rishonom into a coherent whole.
Sources: BY OC 59
20 Cheshvan 5771 listen Public Prayer and Devarim She-b'Kedusha (14:33)
The Rambam differentiates between public prayer and devarim she-b'kedusha.
19 Cheshvan 5771 listen Silence in G-d's Presence (15:06)
When the minyan reaches critical sections, those who are unable to answer stand in silence.
Sources: Rabbeinu Yona, commentary on the Rif, Brachot 13a-b
18 Cheshvan 5771 listen Answering Amen without a Minyan (15:54)
Rabbeinu Yona explains our Mishna according to the Rambam.
Sources: Rabbeinu Yona, commentary on the Rif, Brachot 13a-b
17 Cheshvan 5771 listen Kriyat Shema, the Highest Holiness (13:10)
Also: the kedusha of u'Va l'Tzion Goel.
Sources: Rabbeinu Yona, commentary on the Rif, Brachot 13a-b
14 Cheshvan 5771 listen Minyan According to the Rosh (2) (14:59)
All come together for the benefit of the one.
Sources: Rosh Megilla 3:7
13 Cheshvan 5771 listen Minyan According to the Rosh (1) (15:23)
According to the Rosh, it is Rabbeinu Tam who reads Masechet Sofrim as explaining, rather than disagreeing with, the Mishnah's requirement for a minyan of 10.
Sources: Rosh Megilla 3:7
12 Cheshvan 5771 listen Making a Minyan for One (15:13)
Being in a minyan means redefining yourself as one piece in a community.
Sources: Tur OC 39
7 Cheshvan 5771 listen If Only We Could Daven All Day (14:41)
Just why can we repeat parts of davening for someone who missed minyan?
Sources: Masechet Sofrim 10:6
6 Cheshvan 5771 listen Minyan, Community, and the First Brocha of Shema (14:35)
What makes the first brocha before shema so special?
Sources: Sefer HaYashar 23; Ran Megilla 13b; Abudraham Birchot Kriyat Shema
5 Cheshvan 5771 listen Minyan: Individual and Community (15:16)
How is it that those who have already davened can complete a minyan for one who hasn't?
Sources: Meg. 29b
4 Cheshvan 5771 listen Arriving after Minyan (15:35)
Latecomers to shul can say kaddish and barchu after minyan.
Sources: Meg. 29b
3 Cheshvan 5771 listen Introduction to Minyan (15:40)
How do we know that a minyan consists of ten Jews?
Sources: Meg. 29b
14 Iyar 5770 listen Physical Expressions of Kedusha (16:16)
Rising on our toes and other expressions of kedusha.
Sources: OC 125:2; MB 125:8-9
13 Iyar 5770 listen Spiritual Expressions of Kedusha (16:37)
We express our imitation of the spiritual world in reciting kedusha via our thoughts, words, and actions.
Sources: OC 125:2; MB 125:4-7; Sha'arei Teshuva 125:1
12 Iyar 5770 listen Responding to the Kedusha with the Minyan (16:23)
It is important to respond to kedusha concurrently with the community.
Sources: OC 125:1; MB 125:2-4
9 Iyar 5770 listen Introduction to Kedusha (16:01)
Does the community introduce kedusha, or only the shatz? Also: Custom and halacha.
Sources: OC 125:1; MB 125:1-2
8 Iyar 5770 listen Keter, N'Kadesh, Na'aritzcha (15:16)
Even in the amidah, there are different "forms" of kedusha.
Sources: OC 109:3; MB 109:16-17
7 Iyar 5770 listen "Various Kedushas" (8:49)
Keduaha d'Sidra, Kedushas Yotzer, and "the" kedusha.
Sources: OC 109:3; MB 109:15
6 Iyar 5770 listen Word for Word with the Shatz: Shacharit vs. Mincha (17:12)
Whether to daven word for word with the shatz or to wait depends on a number of factors -- among them, differences between shacharit and mincha.
Sources: OC 109:2; MB 109:14; Beur Halacha d.h. "Aval L'Chatchila"
5 Iyar 5770 listen Davening Word for Word with the Shatz (16:53)
Saying kedushah with the shatz.
Sources: OC 109:2; MB 109:11-13
1 Iyar 5770 listen Saying Modim with the Community (16:02)
Also: maintaining good kavanah in the amidah.
Sources: OC 109:1; MB 109:7-10
30 Nissan 5770 listen What if you already heard Kaddish, Kedushah, etc.? (15:28)
Also: Barchu, HaKel HaKadosh, and Shomea Tefilla.
Sources: OC 109:1; MB 109:5
29 Nissan 5770 listen Timing Your Tefilla with the Shatz (15:55)
When deciding to begin your own amidah or wait for kedusha or some such, you need to estimate how much time you have based on the shatz.
Sources: OC 109:1; MB 109:6-7
28 Nissan 5770 listen Responding to the Chazan vs. Starting to Daven (15:49)
Priorities in davening with the community vs. answering "Amen" to the communal prayers.
Sources: OC 109:1; MB 109:3-4
25 Nissan 5770 listen The Hierarchy of Prayer Responses (18:48)
Yehei Shmei; kedusha; amen...
Sources: Beur Halacha 109 d.h. "L'kdusha o l'kadish
24 Nissan 5770 listen Arriving at Shul Just Before the Amidah (16:34)
I come into shul and find the community about to start the amidah... what do I do?
Sources: OC 109:1; MB 109:1-3
10 Adar 5770 listen What if you forget Al HaNissim? (13:39)
What to do if you forget al hanissim in either the amidah or in birkat hamazon.
Sources: OC 682:1; MB 682:1-5
22 Cheshvan 5770 listen Stepping in to Daven (17:28)
We both literally and figuratively step into an appropriate place to daven.
Sources: OC 93:2-4; MB 93:4-8; OC 92:10; MB 92:31
Dedicated l'ilui nishmat Sarah bat Shalom on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
19 Cheshvan 5770 listen Preparing to Daven (16:47)
Before prayer, we must prepare ourselves psychologically for the awesome task at hand.
Sources: OC 93:1; MB 93:1-2; OC 90:20; MB 90:61:62
12 Shevat 5769 listen Speaking the Words of Birkat HaMazon (15:17)
Like the amidah and the shema, we speak the words of birkat hamazon loud enough to hear them.
Sources: OC 185:2-3; MB 185:2-3
7 Kislev 5769 listen When is Tekufat Tishrei? (2) (16:45)
Understanding Shmuel's calendar.
Sources: BY OC 117:1
6 Kislev 5769 listen When is Tekufat Tishrei? (1) (14:57)
Why do we start praying for rain based on a secular date?
Sources: Taanit 9a; BY OC 117:1
10 Iyar 5768 listen Age Limits on Chinuch (15:36)
We don't teach children before they are ready.
Sources: MB 37:8; OC 106:1; MB 106:5; Ch"A 66:2
29 Tevet 5768 listen Accidental Inclusion of Shabbos or Rosh Chodesh in a Weekday Amidah (14:57)
What if you accidentally include ya'aleh v'yavo in a weekday amidah?
Sources: OC 108:12; MB 108:37-38
26 Tevet 5768 listen Making Up for a Forgotten Ya'aleh v'Yavo (12:57)
If ya'aleh v'yavo is forgotten on Rosh Chodesh at mincha, can you make up for it in the following ma'ariv?
Sources: OC 108:11; MB 108:34-36
25 Tevet 5768 listen Making Up for Mistakes in the Amidah (10:21)
We previously learned that you can make up for a missed shabbos amidah in the subsequent weekday amidah. But what if you mistakenly davened a weekday amidah on shabbos -- can you correct that error in a subsequent weekday amidah?
Sources: OC 108:11; MB 108:32-33
22 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin Summary and Recap (16:55)
A review of all the halachot we have learned with ragard to making up for missed prayers, and a recap of the examples found in the Shulchan Aruch.
In memory of Tzippora bat Meir on the occastion of her yahrzeit.
19 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for Shabbos on a Weekday (16:49)
If you miss mincha on shabbos, can you make up for it with a second ma'ariv after shabbos?
Sources: OC 108:9-10; MB 108:27-30
18 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for a Weekday on Shabbos (14:12)
If you miss mincha on erev shabbos, can you make up for it with a second ma'ariv shabbos amidah? Also: Clarification on who is a meizid and instructions for tashlumin for chozrim b'teshuva.
Sources: OC 108:9; MB 108:25-27
In memory of Aharon ben Leib HaCohen on the occasion of his yahrzeit.
17 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for Musaf and Meizid (15:33)
There are special halachot regarding a missed musaf and tashlumin. Also, one who intentionally skips a tefilla cannot make up for it.
Sources: OC 108:6-8; MB 108:20-24
15 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin in the Following Tefilla (14:34)
Can you daven a make-up prayer for more than one missed tefilla? What if you forget your tashlumin? Can you daven a tashlumin at musaf?
Sources: OC 108:4-5; MB 108:16-19
12 Tevet 5768 listen Times for Tefilla and Tashlumin (15:48)
The proper time for a make-up amidah is during the following prayer. But what time is the following prayer? And is this l'chatchila or b'dieved?
Sources: OC 108:3; MB 108:15
11 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for a Missed Mincha or Ma'ariv (14:05)
The halachot of making up for a missed mincha or ma'ariv.
Sources: OC 108:2; MB 108:10-14
9 Tevet 5768 listen What if you forget aneinu on a fast day? (14:55)
One who forgets aneinu on a fast day does not go back to insert it. But the halacha is quite different for an individual as compared to the shaliach tzibbur.
Sources: OC 119:4; MB 119:16-19
In memory of Tamar Rivkah bas Sheur Zalman on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
8 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for a Missed Shacharit, Part 2 (15:04)
We make up for a missed shacharit by davening mincha twice, but what is the best way to go about that?
Sources: OC 108:1; MB 108:4-9
5 Tevet 5768 listen Tashlumin for a Missed Shacharit (13:24)
One who accidentally misses shacharit makes up for the lost prayer by davening mincha twice.
Sources: OC 108:1; MB 108:1-3
4 Tevet 5768 listen Davening Two Amidahs in a Row (13:02)
Sometimes we daven the amidah twice in a row, such as davening shacharit followed immediately by musaf if you aren't in shul on shabbos. This shiur introduces some of the parameters for such a situation, such as how long to pause in between.
Sources: OC 105:1; MB 105:1-4
26 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening before MiSheYakir (16:27)
What should you do if you need to daven early in the morning, prior to MiSheYakir (the earliest time for shema), which is much before netz (the earliest time for the amidah).
Sources: OC 89:8; MB 89:38-42; Beur Halacha d.h. "Bsha'at HaDchak"
Dedicated to Ariella Rivka bas Avroham, may her neshoma have an aliya.
25 Cheshvan 5768 listen Activities before Dawn; Activities before Davening (11:27)
It is a bit surprising to learn that it is permissible to take a haircut or a bath prior to dawn, even within the half hour approaching the time to daven. Why is this?
Sources: OC 89:7; MB 89:36-37; OC 232:2
24 Cheshvan 5768 listen Learning before Davening; Learning before Dawn (12:56)
Being careful about davening shacharit at the right time is of such high priority that one shouldn't even learn Torah prior to davening. But what about learning at night, or waking up before dawn?
Sources: OC 89:6; MB 89:30-35
21 Cheshvan 5768 listen Eating before Amud HaShachar (14:18)
We have learned that we cannot eat prior to davening Shacharit, but what about eating prior to dawn?
Sources: OC 89:5; MB 89:27-29
20 Cheshvan 5768 listen Eating or Drinking to Improve Kavanah in Davening (13:15)
Though in general we do not eat or drink anything prior to Shacharit, there are many leniencies that allow one to do so.
Sources: OC 89:3-4; MB 89:22-26
18 Cheshvan 5768 listen Going to See Others before Going to See Hashem (13:33)
An midrashic overview of the priority of greeting Hashem before greeting others; the halachot of going to a friend's home prior to going to shul and of responding to someone else's greeting.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:12-16
17 Cheshvan 5768 listen Greeting Others before Greeting Hashem (14:18)
Upon awakening in the morning, our priority is to daven. As such, there is a prohibition on stopping to see a friend before davening.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:8-12
15 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening too Late (After the Fourth Hour of the Day) (13:24)
The shacharit amidah must be completed by the fourth hour of the day. What if that time has passed and you haven't yet said the amidah?
Sources: OC 89:1; MB 89:5-7
13 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening the Amidah too Early (Before MiSheYakir) (12:03)
The earliest time for the amidah is netz hachama ("third dawn"). What if you can't wait until then and need to daven early?
Sources: OC 89:1; MB 89:2-4
12 Cheshvan 5768 listen What is the earliest time for Amidah? (14:20)
The amidah follows different times from the shema. What are these times, and why are they different? What if you need to daven early? Also: a review and overview of the times for shema; what to do if you need to put on tallis and tefillin prior to misheyakir.
Sources: Brachot 24a; OC 89:1; MB 89:1
29 Tishrei 5768 listen Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos (Part 1) (9:03)
When Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbos we add Ya'aleh v'Yavo, read a special Rosh Chodesh Maftir, and recite a special haftara.
Sources: OC 625:1; MB 625:1-5
Dedicated in memory of Shnuer Zalman ben Shlomo on the occasion of his yahrzeit.
26 Tishrei 5768 listen Mashiv HaRuach: Summary of Halachot (9:57)
What do you do if you forget to insert mashiv haruach? What if you aren't sure what you said? Also: washing hands before dawn.
5 Tishrei 5768 listen Changes in Our Tefillot During the 10 Days (10:05)
An overview and summary of the changes to the Amidah and Kaddish during the Ten Days, including the halachot of what to do if a change is forgotten or omitted.
9 Iyar 5767 listen Adding Prayers for the Sick (12:33)
In the eighth brocha of the amidah, we have the opportunity to insert personal prayers on behalf of those we know who are sick. This shiur covers the language and structure of this brocha.
Sources: OC 116; MB 116:1-4; Jer. 17:14
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Chedva Tzippora bas Sarah.
8 Iyar 5767 listen The Order of the Middle Blessings of the Amidah (14:53)
The middle blessings of the amidah -- the requests that we make in the prayer -- are organized for us as an ascent to spiritual greatness. Understanding the structure of the amidah is one way to improve our kavanah.
Sources: OC 115; MB 115:1
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Chedva Tzippora bas Sarah.
6 Iyar 5767 listen Establishing a Chazaka on Tal or Geshem (14:30)
The same principle with regard to doubt -- that it takes thirty days to establish a new habit -- can also be used to resolve doubts by establishing a new habit with regard to saying tal or geshem.
Sources: OC 114:9; MB 114:40-44
5 Iyar 5767 listen Tal and Geshem: What if you aren't sure what you said? (15:51)
We get so used to the words of the amidah and have such poor focus on our tefillah that sometimes, perhaps even often, we don't know whether we said tal or geshem. What is the halacha in such a case?
Sources: OC 114:8; MB 114:35-38
29 Nissan 5767 listen What if you add Morid HaGeshem when you shouldn't? (15:29)
If you add Morid HaGeshem when you shouldn't you need to correct the error. But how do you correct it? That depends on several variables -- whether you added geshem on purpose or by accident and when you realize your mistake.
Sources: OC 114:4,7-8; MB 114:19-24
Dedicated for a refuah shleima for Saritte bat Aliza Sali
25 Nissan 5767 listen What if you accidentally add or forget "Morid HaTal"? (13:43)
If you accidentally add or forget "Morid HaTal", you generally need not correct the error. Why not? What if you request tal by accident in barech aleinu?
Sources: OC 114:3-4; MB 114:10,12-15,17-19
24 Nissan 5767 listen What if you ask for rain in the wrong season? (12:01)
After musaf of the first day of Pesach, we stop davening for rain in the amidah. What if you ask for rain by accident?
Sources: OC 117:2-3; MB 117:14; Beur Halacha d.h. "HaTzrichim Matar"
29 Tevet 5767 listen Introduction to Tefillat HaDerech (13:55)
We say Tefillat HaDerech before a trip. During a trip, we say it as part of the amidah.
Sources: OC 110:4; OC 110:7; MB 110:16-23,29
28 Tevet 5767 listen Reviewing Rosh Chodesh Prayers in Advance (14:51)
Prior to Rosh Chodesh and other events that come less frequently than once a month, we prepare the prayers in order to recite them fluently.
Sources: OC 100:1; MB 100:1-3; Shaarei Teshuva 100:2
27 Tevet 5767 listen Permitted Interruptions in the Amidah (14:45)
Most people don't realize that there are times when it is permissible to interrupt in the middle of the amidah -- but these times are very specific, and l'chatchila we must prepare everything possible prior to beginning the amidah in order to prevent such interruptions. What are the parameters involved?
Sources: OC 96:2; MB 96:8; OC 104:1,3; MB 104:1-2,10
26 Tevet 5767 listen Examplary Personal Prayers (13:35)
A look at the personal prayers of various tannaim and amoraim.
Dedicated for a zechus for Arlyne bas Frida, that she should be saved from a din of sreifa.
22 Tevet 5767 listen Interrupting Elokei N'tzor (14:42)
All the halachot of permitted and forbidden interruptions during personal supplications after the amidah, in detail.
Sources: OC 122; MB 122:2-7
21 Tevet 5767 listen Is Elokei N'tzor part of the amidah? (11:14)
Do we consider Elokei N'tzor to be a fixed prayer or an optional prayer? Can we interrupt in the middle to answer kaddish or kedusha? To say amen?
Sources: MB 122:1
20 Tevet 5767 listen After the Amidah: Elokei N'tzor (13:35)
After the amidah, we are free to add our own personal prayers, though once again there are parameters to work in. For starters, at exactly what point is the amidah finished?
Sources: OC 122:1
19 Tevet 5767 listen Keeping the Matbeah shel Tefilla (13:56)
When adding personal prayers, we do so in a way that ensures the integrity of the prayers set down by chazal.
Sources: OC 119:1-2; MB 119:9-12
18 Tevet 5767 listen Praying for Klal Yisrael (8:24)
According to Rabbeinu Yonah, we follow different constraints when adding prayers for Klal Yisrael as opposed to prayers for oneself or an individual.
Sources: OC 119:1; MB 119:5-8
15 Tevet 5767 listen Hashem Hears All Our Prayers (15:02)
Personal prayers of any kind can be added to Shomea Tefillah, the last of the (weekday) middle blessings.
Sources: OC 119:1; MB 119:4;122:8
14 Tevet 5767 listen Inserting Personal Prayers in the Amidah (11:46)
The halachic parameters of personal requests -- where and how they can (and cannot) be inserted in the amidah.
Sources: OC 119:1; MB 119:2-3
13 Tevet 5767 listen Personal Prayer: An Introduction to Kavanah (11:41)
With all the emphasis on the requirements of prayer and all of the proscriptive elements of kavanah, just where does personal prayer come in? How do I put myself into my amidah?
Sources: OC 119:1; MB 119:1
12 Tevet 5767 listen Standing in Awe (14:51)
When davening the amidah, we stand in awe before the King of all Kings.
Sources: OC 95:2-3; MB 95:6-7
7 Tevet 5767 listen Closing Our Eyes in Order to See (15:18)
Sometimes we see best by closing our eyes. Also: Standing for Kedusha.
Sources: OC 95:4,2; MB 95:8,4-5;91:6;90:8
Dedicated for a zechus for Shmuel Natan ben Yosef and Chana bat Avraham, that they should have the zechus to have many children and to raise them to a life of Torah, Chuppah, and Ma'asim Tovim.
6 Tevet 5767 listen Standing Like an Angel before Hashem (16:13)
When we arise for the amidah, we leave the physical world behind.
Sources: OC 95:1; MB 95:1-3
Dedicated for a zechus for Shmuel Natan ben Yosef and Chana bat Avraham, that they should have the zechus to have many children and to raise them to a life of Torah, Chuppah, and Ma'asim Tovim.
5 Tevet 5767 listen Facing East to Daven (11:50)
In general, when we rise for the amidah we turn toward Jerusalem, which in the US means facing East. But we may also face South -- toward the Menorah, or North, toward the Table. Just what is this directionality about?
Sources: Bava Batra 25b; OC 94:1-2; MB 94:1-2
27 Kislev 5767 listen Al HaNissim for Chanukah (13:42)
Why doesn't al hanisim mention the nes of the oil? Adding al hanissim to birkat hamazon and the amidah; what if you forget al hanissim?
Sources: OC 682:1-2; MB 682:1-4,6
13 Kislev 5767 listen What if you forget v'Ten Tal u'Mater? (11:43)
The general rule is that you must go back to pray for rain if you forget to mention "matar", but the details are must more complicated.
Sources: OC 117:4-5; MB 117:15,17,19
11 Kislev 5767 listen Praying for Rain (11:18)
During the Winter season, we have an obligation to ask for rain in our amidah.
Sources: OC 117:1,4; MB 117:3-5,7,15
9 Kislev 5767 listen Introduction to v'Ten Tal u'Matar (12:46)
Why do we praise Hashem for rain in one bracha but daven for rain in another? When do we daven for rain?
8 Kislev 5767 listen Responding After the Chazan Even If You Don't Know What He Said (14:05)
Should you answer "amen" if you don't know what you are answering to? What about kaddish or kedusha? Should you respond "amen" to a child's brachah?
Sources: OC 124:11-12; MB 124:45-47
7 Kislev 5767 listen The Meaning of "Amen" (11:58)
What does "amen" mean? Also: "amen" that is too short or too long.
Sources: OC 124:8-11; MB 124:35,41
6 Kislev 5767 listen Knowing What Bracha You Are Answering (8:54)
More about orphaned, rushed, mumbled, and other incorrect forms or pronunciations of "Amen."
Sources: OC 124:8; MB 124:33-34
Dedicated by Ronald and Marion Stein l'ilui nishmat Meir Tzvi ben Dov Ber on the occasion of his yahrzeit.
1 Kislev 5767 listen What if the chazan forgets Ya'alei v'Yavo? (9:05)
The shaliach tzibbur generally goes back to make up for a missed ya'alei v'yavo, though he would not repeat the entire amidah. Why not? What does he do instead?
Sources: OC 126:3; MB 126:13
30 Cheshvan 5767 listen Forgetting Ya'alei v'Yavo on Rosh Chodesh (7:12)
An individual who forgets Ya'alei v'Yavo can fulfill his obligation along with the shaliach tzibur... or can he?
Sources: OC 124:10; MB 124:39-40
29 Cheshvan 5767 listen Orphaned, Rushed, and Mumbled "Amen" (10:23)
Pitfalls to avoid in saying "Amen": not hearing the end of the bracha, answering too quickly, not answering quickly enough, mumbling or swallowing the sounds, and more.
Sources: OC 124:8; MB 124:30-32
26 Cheshvan 5767 listen Putting the "A" in "Amen" (15:08)
The proper pronunciation of the "A" in "Amen" and the proper kavanah for "Amen."
Sources: OC 124:6,8; MB 124:25,29
25 Cheshvan 5767 listen How to Answer a Bracha (13:02)
Answering a bracha is not so simple as we might expect. How and when do we say "baruch hu uvaruch shmo"?
Sources: OC 124:5-6; MB 124:21,24; Shaar HaTziun 124:24
24 Cheshvan 5767 listen Listening with Kavanah During Chazarat HaShatz (Part 2) (15:56)
Even for one who has already davened, it is so important to listen with kavanah to chazarat hashatz that it is forbidden even to learn Torah! As for one who talks... "his sin is too great to bear."
Sources: OC 124:4,7; MB 124:16-18;26-28
23 Cheshvan 5767 listen Introduction to Chazarat HaShatz (14:29)
The shaliach tzibur repeats the amidah for the sake of those who are unable to say it themselves. What does it mean to be unable to say the amidah yourself? If everyone in the community can say it, does the shatz need to repeat it? Does the shatz need to wait for everyone to finish his personal amidah before beginning chazarat hashatz? Should he at least wait for the rabbi?
Sources: OC 124:3; MB 124:12-13
22 Cheshvan 5767 listen Listening with Intent to the Shaliach Tzibur (Part 1) (11:40)
One who cannot daven the amidah fulfills his obligation by listening intentfully to the shaliach tzibur... but there are more than a few stipulations...
Sources: OC 124:1; MB 124:1-3
19 Cheshvan 5767 listen Kavanah in Shema and Brachot (10:19)
We declare the shema alound to awaken our kavanah. The same is true of all our brachot.
Sources: OC 62:2-5; MB 62:9; OC 206:3; MB 206:13
18 Cheshvan 5767 listen Hearing Yourself Recite the Shema (12:49)
As with the amidah we are required to recite the shema loud enough that we can hear our own words. But unlike the amidah, there is no prohibition on vocalizing it fully.
Sources: OC 62:2-4; MB 62:4-7
17 Cheshvan 5767 listen Speaking the Words of Shema (14:45)
Like the amidah, the shema should be recited aloud, and like the amidah, though it can be recited in any language that you understand, Hebrew is prefered.
Sources: OC 61:4-5; MB 61:17,26; OC 62:1-2; MB 62:1-3
16 Cheshvan 5767 listen How do our prayers reach the Heavens? (15:18)
Effective tefillah reaches the Heavens. Chazal explain that prayer in Hebrew is more effective, but that doesn't mean you can only daven in Hebrew.
Sources: OC 101:4; MB 101:14-19
15 Cheshvan 5767 listen The Sanctity of the Hebrew Language (9:27)
What gives Hebrew the special status of being the only language you are allowed to pray in even if you don't understand what you are saying?
Sources: OC 101:4; Beur Halacha d.h. "Yachol l'hitpallel"
12 Cheshvan 5767 listen Davening in a Language Other Than Hebrew (11:25)
It is generally permissible to daven in any language that you understand, though the communal prayers should remain fixed in Hebrew.
Sources: OC 101:4; MB 101:13; Beur Halacha d.h. "Yachol l'hitpallel"
11 Cheshvan 5767 listen Davening Aloud From a Siddur (9:00)
The halachot of davening aloud in public change when everyone is using a siddur.
Sources: OC 101:3; MB 101:11-12
10 Cheshvan 5767 listen Raising Your Voice to Raise Your Kavanah (13:03)
Sometimes raising your voice will improve your kavanah. Is this permissible in shul? What about at home? Is this only for the amidah or for other prayers as well?
Sources: OC 101:2; MB 101:8-10; Beur Halacha d.h. "V'im aino yachol l'chaven"
9 Cheshvan 5767 listen Mouthing and Whispering the Words of the Amidah (10:18)
Many of the halachos of the amidah are learned from the prayers of Chana. For instance, we don't just think the words in our hearts but rather whisper them to ourselves.
Sources: OC 101:2; MB 101:5-7; Beur Halacha d.h. "B'libo"
8 Cheshvan 5767 listen The Amidah, Korbanot, and Kavanah (10:00)
There are a number of halachos in the amidah that we learn from the halachos of the korbanot.
Sources: OC 98:4-5
5 Cheshvan 5767 listen Kavanah During the Avot (12:01)
The avot bracha has a stronger requirement for kavanah than the rest of the amidah, so much so that some say that you should go back and repeat the amidah if you didn't have kavanah during the avot. Though in our time, we aren't even up to that level.
Sources: OC 101:1; MB 101:1-4; Beur Halacha d.h. "V'im aino yachol"
3 Cheshvan 5767 listen Developing Kavanah; Avoiding Distractions (13:08)
Practical issues in kavanah: contemplating the greatness of Hashem and the smallness of Man to develop kavanah; avoid distracting smells; avoiding distracting thoughts.
Sources: OC 98:1-3; MB 98:4-9
In memory of Leah bas Yechezkel on the occasion of her yahrzeit. May her neshoma have an aliyah.
28 Tishrei 5767 listen Maintaining Kavanah During the Amidah (5:52)
Three techniques for maintaining focus during the amidah...
Sources: OC 98:1
In memory of Feigel bas Aharon HaCohen on the occasion of her yahrzeit. May her neshoma have an aliyah.
27 Tishrei 5767 listen Proper Kavanah in the Amidah (8:31)
Focus during the amidah on the simple, straightforward meaning of the words you are saying. It's as simple -- and difficult -- as that.
Sources: OC 98:1; MB 98:1
26 Tishrei 5767 listen What if you forget Mashiv HaRuach? (12:14)
What to do if you leave out (or aren't sure if you said) mashiv haruach, with all the sources and all the details.
Sources: OC 114:5-9; MB 114:28-31,33; Beiur Halacha d.h. "B'lo chatima"; Baer Heiteiv 114:14
25 Tishrei 5767 listen Announcing Mashiv HaRuach (7:05)
The kahal does not begin to say mashiv haruach until it has been announced. But what if you don't hear it?
Sources: OC 114:2; MB 114:4,5,8,9
24 Tishrei 5767 listen Introduction to Mashiv HaRuach (7:15)
Topics covered: Why do we begin mashiv haruach on Shmini Atzeret? Why do we say it in the second brocha, the brocha of gevurot? What if you leave out mashiv haruach by accident?
Sources: OC 114:1; MB 114:1-2
3 Tishrei 5767 listen Mistakes in Changes to the Amidah (3:27)
There are six changes to the Amidah during the Aseret Y'mei Teshuva. For five of them, one need not repeat the Amidah if a mistake is made.
21 Iyar 5766 listen Yom Tov Tefilla (1:00:29)
A walk through the Yom Tov Amidah for Shavuot, based on Kuntres Avodat HaTefilla.
30 Nissan 5766 listen What if you forget "Ya'aleh v'Yavo"? (8:45)
If you forget to say Ya'aleh v'Yavo, should you repeat the amidah?
Sources: OC 422:1; MB 422:1,3-9
15 Kislev 5766 listen Hilchos Amidah and Musaf (1:04:32)
8 Kislev 5766 listen Amidah: Sim Shalom and Elokai Netzor - The Last Blessing and Closing (53:22)
1 Kislev 5766 listen Amidah: Retzei and Modim - The Third-to-Last and Penultimate Blessings (56:28)
23 Cheshvan 5766 listen Amidah: Kedushat HaYom - The Blessing for Shabbos - Part 2 (57:13)
16 Cheshvan 5766 listen Amidah: Kedushat HaYom - The Blessing for Shabbos - Part 1 (1:19:55)
9 Cheshvan 5766 listen Amidah: Gevurot and Kedusha - The Second and Third Blessings (1:03:05)
2 Cheshvan 5766 listen Amidah: Avot (Our Ancestors) - The First Blessing (1:08:08)

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