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Wake Up! and Start Your DayRav Dovid gives a daily halacha at the Wall Street Synagogue in Lower Manhattan.
This series covers waking up in the morning.
|8 Adar I 5768||listen||
Review: Shema through Aleinu
A review, summary and overview of halachot of shacharit, from Shema through Aleinu.
|7 Adar I 5768||listen||
Review: Wakeup through Shema
A review, summary and overview of halachot of morning conduct, from waking up through the recitation of Shema.
|26 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Davening before MiSheYakir
What should you do if you need to daven early in the morning, prior to MiSheYakir (the earliest time for shema), which is much before netz (the earliest time for the amidah).
Sources: OC 89:8; MB 89:38-42; Beur Halacha d.h. "Bsha'at HaDchak"
Dedicated to Ariella Rivka bas Avroham, may her neshoma have an aliya.
|25 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Activities before Dawn; Activities before Davening
It is a bit surprising to learn that it is permissible to take a haircut or a bath prior to dawn, even within the half hour approaching the time to daven. Why is this?
|24 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Learning before Davening; Learning before Dawn
Being careful about davening shacharit at the right time is of such high priority that one shouldn't even learn Torah prior to davening. But what about learning at night, or waking up before dawn?
Sources: OC 89:6; MB 89:30-35
|21 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Eating before Amud HaShachar
We have learned that we cannot eat prior to davening Shacharit, but what about eating prior to dawn?
Sources: OC 89:5; MB 89:27-29
|19 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Tending to Your Needs, Eating, or Drinking before Davening
Just as we don't go to greet friends, so too we don't tend to our own business or even eat or drink prior to davening.
Sources: OC 89:3; MB 89:17-22
|18 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Going to See Others before Going to See Hashem
An midrashic overview of the priority of greeting Hashem before greeting others; the halachot of going to a friend's home prior to going to shul and of responding to someone else's greeting.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:12-16
|17 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Greeting Others before Greeting Hashem
Upon awakening in the morning, our priority is to daven. As such, there is a prohibition on stopping to see a friend before davening.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:8-12
|12 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
What is the earliest time for Amidah?
The amidah follows different times from the shema. What are these times, and why are they different? What if you need to daven early? Also: a review and overview of the times for shema; what to do if you need to put on tallis and tefillin prior to misheyakir.
|11 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
What if you miss the time for Shema?
If you are unable to complete shema on time, or even if you purposely miss the required time, you can still say shema later in the day.
Sources: OC 58:6; MB 58:24-29
|10 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
The Difference Between Night and Day
If you forget to daven ma'ariv, you can daven until dawn, but this impairs the permission to daven shacharis early. Also: The yahrzeit of Methushelah.
Sources: OC 58:5; MB 58:20-23
|7 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Davening before Netz
Sometimes you have no choice but to daven before netz or to start davening before misheyakir. What should you do? Also: an actual example of how Rav Dovid handled such a situation.
Sources: OC 58:4; MB 58:18-19; Beur Halacha d.h. "MiSheAlah Amud HaShahar"
|6 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
Reading Shema before MiSheYakir
What should you do if you have no choice but to read shema prior to the earliest permissible time?
Sources: OC 58:3; MB 58:13-17
|5 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
What if you have to daven before dawn?
Includes: review and overview of the four morning halachic times: the three "dawns" and the end of the time for kriat shema. Situations where you have to daven before the appropriate time.
Sources: OC 58:2-3; MB 58:10-12
|4 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
The Ideal Time for Shema
The perfect time to recite the shema is just before the sun peeps over the horizon. This time is so ideal that one can daven at this time at the expense of davening with a minyan.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:6-9; Beur Halacha d.h. "Mitzvah min HaMuvchar"
|3 Cheshvan 5768||listen||
The Latest Time for Shema
The entire Shema must be recited in full before three halachic daylight hours have passed.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:3-5
In memory of Leah bas Yechezkel on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
|28 Tishrei 5768||listen||
The Earliest Time for Shema: Vatikin
The proper time for the recitation of the morning Shema is unfortunately a time when few of us can awaken ourselves to pray on a regular basis.
Dedicated in memory of Feigel bas Aharon HaKohen on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
|27 Tishrei 5768||listen||
The Earliest Time for Shema
The earliest time that one can recite the morning Shema is the time when we can recognize each other.
Sources: Brachot 9b
|25 Sivan 5767||listen||
Reciting the Morning Brachot Out of Order; Other Morning Blessings
If the morning brachot are recited out of order, how should one correct the error, if at all. Also -- some mistaken brachot that were once recited.
Sources: OC 46:5-7; MB 46:20-23
|22 Sivan 5767||listen||
More Morning Blessings; What if the particular bracha doesn't apply to you?
Three more morning brachot; differences in the order of brachot among Sephardim and Ashkenazim. Also: what if the reason for reciting one of the blessings doesn't apply to you?
Sources: OC 46:4,8; MB 46:15-19,24-26; Baer Heitev 46:8
|21 Sivan 5767||listen||
Morning Blessings (Part 3): The Order of the Blessings
Why are the blessings we recite today in a different order from those in the Shulchan Aruch? And when is the proper time for the bracha al netilat yadayim?
Sources: OC 46:1-2; MB 46:10-13
|20 Sivan 5767||listen||
Morning Blessings (Part 2)
The blessings over dressing, stretching, opening your eyes, walking, wearing shoes, and more.
Sources: OC 46:1; MB 46:5-9
|19 Sivan 5767||listen||
Morning Blessings (Part 1): Elohai Neshoma and Daybreak
The brachot Elohai Neshoma and asher natan l'sechvi vina are recited each morning. What if you didn't sleep? What if you didn't hear a rooster crow?
Sources: OC 46:1,8; MB 46:1-4
|18 Sivan 5767||listen||
Introduction: 100 Brachos per Day
Why do we have so many different brachot? An introduction to the history of brachot.
|15 Sivan 5767||listen||
The Prohibition on Reciting Pasukim Prior to Birkat HaTorah
Not only is there a requirement to recite Birkat HaTorah prior to learning, there is a reciprocal prohibition agasint reciting pasukim prior to reciting Birkat HaTorah -- even if the pasukim are said as tefilla.
Sources: OC 46:9; MB 46:29-32
|14 Sivan 5767||listen||
Birkot HaTorah -- The Gemara and Tosefot
This shiur goes through the Gemara and Tosefot in detail as an illustration of how the pilpul of the Rishonim results in all of the different halacha l'ma'aseh categories in Birkot HaTorah -- the l'chatchila and b'dieved halacha, kavanah, the requirement to learn after the bracha or after ahava raba, etc.
Sources: Brachot 11b; Tos. Br. 11b d.h. SheKvar Niftar
|13 Sivan 5767||listen||
Learning after Birkat HaTorah; Women's Obligation for Birkat HaTorah
It is best to learn immediately after reciting Birkat HaTorah. Also: all agree that women too are obligated to recite Birkat HaTorah, though their obligation may or may not be the same as men's obligation.
Sources: OC 47:9,14; MB 47:19-21; Beur Halacha d.h. "Nashim"
|12 Sivan 5767||listen||
Fulfilling the Obligation for Birkat HaTorah via Ahava Raba
How is it that Ahava Raba fulfills the obligation to recite a bracha over Torah learning?
Sources: OC 47:7-8; MB 47:13-18
|8 Sivan 5767||listen||
Daytime Sleep and Other Interruptions in Learning
Most brachot are only valid so long as one keeps focused on the action over which one made the brachah. So what happens if you take your mind off your learning?
Sources: OC 47:10-11; MB 47:22-25
|5 Sivan 5767||listen||
Staying Awake All Night; Awakening before Dawn
If you are awake all night, does one say Birkot HaTorah the following morning? What if you slept a little? What if you wake up to learn in the middle of the night -- are brachot required prior to learning? Halachah l'ma'aseh for Shavuot.
Sources: OC 47:12-13; MB 47:28-33
|4 Sivan 5767||listen||
Thinking Thoughts of Torah
Is a brachah required prior to thinking thoughts of Torah? If so, how can we do a mitzvah -- any mitzvah -- without first making Birkot HaTorah?
Sources: OC 47:4; MB 47:5-7; Beur Halacha d.h. "HaKotev"
|1 Sivan 5767||listen||
Does writing words of Torah require a blessing?
When writing or copying words of Torah or pasukim one is not learning Torah. Does writing require a blessing?
Sources: OC 47:3; MB 47:4
|28 Iyar 5767||listen||
The Importance of Birkot HaTorah
We are obligated to make birkot HaTorah with joy over the gift that Hashem has entrusted to us. Failure to do so brings serious consequences
Sources: OC 47:1; MB 47:1-2
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Sara Chanah bat Rachel Devorah.
|27 Iyar 5767||listen||
The Requirement for Birkot HaTorah
Birkot HaTorah are required prior to any Torah learning -- including both the Written and Oral Torah, Midrash, Halacha, and even Musar.
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Chedva Tzippora bas Sarah.
|26 Iyar 5767||listen||
Birkot HaTorah - Introduction
An overview of the blessings made over learning Torah. How many blessings are there?
Sources: OC 47:5-6; MB 47:8-12
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Ariella Rivkah ben Devora Pessel.
|16 Sivan 5766||listen||
Korbanot (Part 2)
The reading of morning korbanot as a means of teshuva.
Sources: OC 1:7-9; MB 1:18,20
Dedicated by Ronald and Marion Stein l'ilui nishmat Dov Matisyahu ben Rav Tzvi and Yaffe Yehudit.
|13 Sivan 5766||listen||
Korbanot (Part 1)
The readings of the morning offerings (korbanot).
|12 Sivan 5766||listen||
Techinot: The Akeidah, Parshat HaMan, Aseret HaDibrot
Extra prayers and supplications: the binding of Isaac, the manna given in the dessert, and the Ten Commandments. When, how, and why are they recited?
Sources: OC 1:4-5; MB 1:13,16
Dedicated for a refuah shleima for Yafitte bat Aliza Sali.
|9 Sivan 5766||listen||
Midnight Prayers and Supplications
Tikkun Chatzot, Kavanah, and mourning for the Temple and Exile
Sources: OC 1:2-4; MB 1:10-12
|26 Iyar 5766||listen||
Never Be Embarrassed to Do a Mitzvah
Even if others mock you for excessive piety, never be embarrassed to keep the Torah. How, if at all, should you respond to such mockery?
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:5-8; Beur Halacha d.h. "V'Low Yitbayeish"
|25 Iyar 5766||listen||
Six Constant Mitzvot
Keep focus on six aspects of Jewish belief and you can avoid all misdeeds.
Sources: Beur Halacha d.h. "Hu Klal Gadol BaTorah"
|21 Iyar 5766||listen||
Keeping Mindful of Hashem
Being mindful of our constant presence before Hashem will change all of our behavior.
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:3-4,9
|20 Iyar 5766||listen||
How to Wake Up in the Morning
The first actions of the day are dedicated to Hashem. What are the morning mitzvot?
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:1-2
|13 Iyar 5766||listen||
An introduction to the Morning Blessings, based on Brachot 60b.
Sources: Brachot 60b
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