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Wake Up! | Kavanah | Zmanim | Tzitzit | Tefillin | Brachot
Pesukei d'Zimra | Kriat Shema | Amidah | Geshem and Tal | Mincha
Kaddish | Amen! | Shabbos | Kiddush | Shofar | Teshuva
Rosh HaShana | Ten Days | Yom Kippur | Sukkos | Pesach | Sefirat HaOmer
Shavuot | Chanukah | Purim | Rosh Chodesh | Tu B'Shvat
Fast Days | The Three Weeks | Tisha B'Av | The Four Parshiyot | Parshat HaShavua
The Kosher Kitchen | Issur v'Heter | Speaking to G-d | Spiritual Reality, Spiritual Freedom
The Jewish Calendar | Chinuch: Education | A Practical Guide to Shabbos | Rav Dovid's Shiurim
True or False? | Respect for Parents, Elders, and Torah Scholars | Ben Adam l'Chaveiro

Zmanim

Rav Dovid gives a daily halacha at the Wall Street Synagogue in Lower Manhattan.
This series covers zmanim (Halachic times).
16 Kislev 5771 listen The Earliest Time to Light on Motzei Shabbos (15:35)
On Motzei Shabbos, the proper time to light is immediately after havdalah.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62; Ran Shabbos 9a d.h. "Mitzvatah mi'she-tishka"
15 Kislev 5771 listen The Earliest Time to Light on Erev Shabbos (13:02)
Understanding Rav Moshe's chiddush in the time for Chanukah candles on Erev Shabbos.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62; Ran Shabbos 9a d.h. "Mitzvatah mi'she-tishka"
11 Kislev 5771 listen Erev Shabbos: Chanukah Candles Immediately Prior to Shabbos Candles (15:01)
Rav Moshe's chiddush: on Shabbos Chanukah: light Chanukah candles immediately prior to Shabbos candles.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
10 Kislev 5771 listen Lighting Chanukah Candles Early on Fridays (15:50)
On Erev Shabbos, the time for lighting Chanukah candles is fixed by the onset of Shabbos, not by nightfall.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
9 Kislev 5771 listen Shkiya and Chanukah Candles (15:09)
"Sunset" is the time for lighting Chanukah candles. But when is sunset?
Sources: OC 679:1; OC 672:1; MB 672:1, Beur Halacha d.h. "Im sof skiyata"; Igros Moshe OC 4:62
13 Tishrei 5771 listen When is the latest time you can daven mincha? (15:53)
Is it permissible to daven mincha after sunset?
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:14
12 Tishrei 5771 listen Davening both Mincha and Ma'ariv between Plag HaMincha and Shkiya (2) (14:12)
If you normally daven Ma'ariv before shkiya, can you daven mincha at that time in a case of great need?
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:13
22 Elul 5770 listen Davening both Mincha and Ma'ariv between Plag HaMincha and Shkiya (11:56)
Sometimes it's inevitable that you need to daven both mincha and ma'ariv during the same halachic peiod of the afternoon.
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:12
6 Elul 5770 listen Mincha, Maariv, and Hypocrisy (16:08)
Mincha is a time of favor before Hashem. Why?
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:7-11
3 Elul 5770 listen The Halachic Flexibility of Mincha (15:26)
Mincha time is an unusual machloket in that there is neither a lenient nor a restrictive ruling.
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:5-6
2 Elul 5770 listen Mincha, Sunset, and Nightfall (9:14)
For mincha purposes, is it nighttime at sunset or nightfall?
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:3-4
1 Elul 5770 listen The Latest Time for Mincha (11:26)
The latest time for Mincha depends on when nightfall comes.
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:2-3
30 Av 5770 listen The Time for Mincha (12:22)
The time for Mincha is determined by the afternoon offerings at the Temple.
Sources: OC 233:1; MB 233:1
29 Av 5770 listen Introduction to Mincha (13:26)
The afternoon prayer.
Sources: ; OC 233:1; MB 233:1
10 Av 5770 listen Halachic Noon (14:34)
The time of halachic noon has consequences on the 10th of Av.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
9 Tamuz 5770 listen What time does a fast day end? (13:28)
Rav Moshe defines the end time for rabbinic fasts based on the various opinions on when nightfall comes.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
25 Sivan 5770 listen What time does Shabbos end? (2) (16:21)
The proper end time for shabbos according to Rav Moshe -- conclusion. Introduction to Ben HaShmashot.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62; Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:11
22 Sivan 5770 listen What time does Shabbos end? (16:18)
The proper end time for shabbos according to Rav Moshe.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
20 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by the Aruch HaShulchan (14:37)
The Aruch HaShulchan puts it all together and concludes that we should start shabbos 18 minutes before sunset.
Sources: Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:7-8
19 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by Sefer HaYeraim (15:53)
Rabbi Eliezer of Mitz concludes that Ben HaShmashos begins some 18 minutes before sunset.
Sources: Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:6
15 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos: Understanding Rabbeinu Tam (16:17)
So how is it that Rabbeinu Tam concludes that sunset is so late!?
Sources: Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:5
14 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by the Rambam (17:21)
The Aruch HaShulchan questions the Rambam's approach to Ben HaShmashos and learns much from his answers.
Sources: Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:4
13 Sivan 5770 listen Just when (or what) is "shkiya"? (14:20)
Is shkiya what we commonly call "sunset"... or is it something else?
Sources: Aruch HaShulchan OC 261:1-3
12 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by the Mishna Brura (15:45)
The Mishna Brura provides a summary overview of the determination of the onset of shabbos.
Sources: MB 261:23
11 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by the Gra (15:51)
By the Vilna Gaon (and others), sunset is not the onset of nightfall; that begins about 58 minutes later with ben hashmashos.
Sources: OC 261:2; MB 261:23
8 Sivan 5770 listen Ben HaShmashos by Rabbeinu Tam (17:32)
The latest possible time for sunset is that of Rabbeinu Tam. When is it and why?
Sources: OC 261:2; MB 261:19-21
5 Sivan 5770 listen Introduction to "Ben HaShmashos" (15:43)
Understanding "Ben HaShmashos" is essential for understanding when shabbos starts.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
4 Sivan 5770 listen When does Shabbos start? (17:24)
This introduction to the question of when shabbos starts begins with a philosophy of halacha itself.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:62
8 Adar I 5768 listen Review: Shema through Aleinu (15:10)
A review, summary and overview of halachot of shacharit, from Shema through Aleinu.
7 Adar I 5768 listen Review: Wakeup through Shema (15:32)
A review, summary and overview of halachot of morning conduct, from waking up through the recitation of Shema.
26 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening before MiSheYakir (16:27)
What should you do if you need to daven early in the morning, prior to MiSheYakir (the earliest time for shema), which is much before netz (the earliest time for the amidah).
Sources: OC 89:8; MB 89:38-42; Beur Halacha d.h. "Bsha'at HaDchak"
Dedicated to Ariella Rivka bas Avroham, may her neshoma have an aliya.
25 Cheshvan 5768 listen Activities before Dawn; Activities before Davening (11:27)
It is a bit surprising to learn that it is permissible to take a haircut or a bath prior to dawn, even within the half hour approaching the time to daven. Why is this?
Sources: OC 89:7; MB 89:36-37; OC 232:2
24 Cheshvan 5768 listen Learning before Davening; Learning before Dawn (12:56)
Being careful about davening shacharit at the right time is of such high priority that one shouldn't even learn Torah prior to davening. But what about learning at night, or waking up before dawn?
Sources: OC 89:6; MB 89:30-35
21 Cheshvan 5768 listen Eating before Amud HaShachar (14:18)
We have learned that we cannot eat prior to davening Shacharit, but what about eating prior to dawn?
Sources: OC 89:5; MB 89:27-29
20 Cheshvan 5768 listen Eating or Drinking to Improve Kavanah in Davening (13:15)
Though in general we do not eat or drink anything prior to Shacharit, there are many leniencies that allow one to do so.
Sources: OC 89:3-4; MB 89:22-26
19 Cheshvan 5768 listen Tending to Your Needs, Eating, or Drinking before Davening (16:08)
Just as we don't go to greet friends, so too we don't tend to our own business or even eat or drink prior to davening.
Sources: OC 89:3; MB 89:17-22
18 Cheshvan 5768 listen Going to See Others before Going to See Hashem (13:33)
An midrashic overview of the priority of greeting Hashem before greeting others; the halachot of going to a friend's home prior to going to shul and of responding to someone else's greeting.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:12-16
17 Cheshvan 5768 listen Greeting Others before Greeting Hashem (14:18)
Upon awakening in the morning, our priority is to daven. As such, there is a prohibition on stopping to see a friend before davening.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:8-12
15 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening too Late (After the Fourth Hour of the Day) (13:24)
The shacharit amidah must be completed by the fourth hour of the day. What if that time has passed and you haven't yet said the amidah?
Sources: OC 89:1; MB 89:5-7
13 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening the Amidah too Early (Before MiSheYakir) (12:03)
The earliest time for the amidah is netz hachama ("third dawn"). What if you can't wait until then and need to daven early?
Sources: OC 89:1; MB 89:2-4
12 Cheshvan 5768 listen What is the earliest time for Amidah? (14:20)
The amidah follows different times from the shema. What are these times, and why are they different? What if you need to daven early? Also: a review and overview of the times for shema; what to do if you need to put on tallis and tefillin prior to misheyakir.
Sources: Brachot 24a; OC 89:1; MB 89:1
11 Cheshvan 5768 listen What if you miss the time for Shema? (16:59)
If you are unable to complete shema on time, or even if you purposely miss the required time, you can still say shema later in the day.
Sources: OC 58:6; MB 58:24-29
10 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Difference Between Night and Day (12:12)
If you forget to daven ma'ariv, you can daven until dawn, but this impairs the permission to daven shacharis early. Also: The yahrzeit of Methushelah.
Sources: OC 58:5; MB 58:20-23
7 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening before Netz (15:11)
Sometimes you have no choice but to daven before netz or to start davening before misheyakir. What should you do? Also: an actual example of how Rav Dovid handled such a situation.
Sources: OC 58:4; MB 58:18-19; Beur Halacha d.h. "MiSheAlah Amud HaShahar"
6 Cheshvan 5768 listen Reading Shema before MiSheYakir (14:36)
What should you do if you have no choice but to read shema prior to the earliest permissible time?
Sources: OC 58:3; MB 58:13-17
5 Cheshvan 5768 listen What if you have to daven before dawn? (15:09)
Includes: review and overview of the four morning halachic times: the three "dawns" and the end of the time for kriat shema. Situations where you have to daven before the appropriate time.
Sources: OC 58:2-3; MB 58:10-12
4 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Ideal Time for Shema (14:58)
The perfect time to recite the shema is just before the sun peeps over the horizon. This time is so ideal that one can daven at this time at the expense of davening with a minyan.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:6-9; Beur Halacha d.h. "Mitzvah min HaMuvchar"
3 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Latest Time for Shema (14:46)
The entire Shema must be recited in full before three halachic daylight hours have passed.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:3-5
In memory of Leah bas Yechezkel on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
28 Tishrei 5768 listen The Earliest Time for Shema: Vatikin (15:05)
The proper time for the recitation of the morning Shema is unfortunately a time when few of us can awaken ourselves to pray on a regular basis.
Sources: Brachot 9b; OC 58:1; MB 58:1-2
Dedicated in memory of Feigel bas Aharon HaKohen on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
27 Tishrei 5768 listen The Earliest Time for Shema (15:57)
The earliest time that one can recite the morning Shema is the time when we can recognize each other.
Sources: Brachot 9b
26 Adar 5767 listen When is the best time to start the Seder? (15:15)
We start the seder immediately after dark, in part to make sure the kids are awake.
Sources: OC 472:1; MB 472:1-5; Shaar HaTziun 472:2
13 Tevet 5766 listen Tzitzit by Day, Tzitzit by Night (8:42)
What is the earliest time to put on a tallis? Does a four-cornered garment worn at night require tzitzit? Does a blanket require tzitzit?
Sources: OC 18:1-3; Brachot 1:2; Baer Heitev 18:1; MB 18:8
15 Kislev 5766 listen What if you didn't or can't light Chanukah candles on time? (9:03)
Sources: Shabb. 21b Tosefos d.h. "D'i lo idlik madlik"; OC 672:2; MB 672:4; Shaar HaTziun 672:17
14 Kislev 5766 listen What is the latest time to light Chanukah candles? (Part 2) (8:06)
Sources: Shabb. 21a; OC 672:2; MB 672 ad locum
13 Kislev 5766 listen What is the earliest time to light Chanukah candles? (Part 1) (6:27)
Sources: Shabb. 21a; OC 672:1; MB 672 ad locum

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Enjoy each of Rav Dovid's Daily Halacha Series:
Wake Up! | Kavanah | Zmanim | Tzitzit | Tefillin | Brachot
Pesukei d'Zimra | Kriat Shema | Amidah | Geshem and Tal | Mincha
Kaddish | Amen! | Shabbos | Kiddush | Shofar | Teshuva
Rosh HaShana | Ten Days | Yom Kippur | Sukkos | Pesach | Sefirat HaOmer
Shavuot | Chanukah | Purim | Rosh Chodesh | Tu B'Shvat
Fast Days | The Three Weeks | Tisha B'Av | The Four Parshiyot | Parshat HaShavua
The Kosher Kitchen | Issur v'Heter | Speaking to G-d | Spiritual Reality, Spiritual Freedom
The Jewish Calendar | Chinuch: Education | A Practical Guide to Shabbos | Rav Dovid's Shiurim
True or False? | Respect for Parents, Elders, and Torah Scholars | Ben Adam l'Chaveiro
Rav Dovid's daily halacha is given at the Wall Street Synagogue before shacharit.

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